First Nations Oweesta Corporation supports Native CDFIs’ growth and innovation.

Few people can say they’ve worked as intimately with Native CDFIs as Krystal Langholz, chief operations officer at First Nations Oweesta Corporation. A flagship in the Native CDFI sector, Oweesta is the only national intermediary that offers financial products and development services exclusively to Native CDFIs and Native communities.

We’ve been thrilled to work alongside Langholz and others at Oweesta over the years to bring meaningful resources to Native CDFIs and to help them grow and respond to rising capital demands, which we explored in the first entry in this series.

In a one-on-one, Langholz helped us uncover and answer some of the questions financial institutions may face when thinking about investing in Indian Country.

What makes Native CDFIs a good bet for investment in Indian Country?

As a personal witness, Langholz explained what makes Native CDFIs a strong partner:

“We at Oweesta have lent over $11 million to Native CDFIs and we have a .001 percent historical write-off rate [and a zero percent delinquency rate]. . . . Our Native CDFIs pay us back and are really good investments. They have really strong net asset ratios; they have really strong, healthy institutions.”

One core reason for Native CDFIs’ strength is their unique lending approach, as Langholz explained:

“There are oftentimes differences in a Native CDFI versus just a regular CDFI. We [Native CDFIs] are oftentimes smaller, we’re . . . focused on education or development services, which means that lending is a huge part of what we do of course, but it’s not the ‘end-all and be-all’ of what we do . . . that’s part of the reason why our portfolios are so secure.”

Langholz described the cultural context that Native CDFIs operate within, which is crucial to their success. Native CDFIs are rooted in the Native communities they serve, offering culturally tailored curriculum and services that help foster strong, lasting relationships with its lenders.

That edge in their business model has led to a healthy default rate lower than the average financial institution.

Why should financial institutions choose to support Native CDFIs?

Langholz pointed to the fact that investing in Native CDFIs grows jobs and supports entrepreneurship in Indian Country. That’s great news for financial institutions looking for the right opportunity to respond to community needs.

Native CDFIs can help financial institutions meet Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) requirements, while also helping to round out financial institutions’ investment portfolios.

It’s a win-win for financial institutions and Native CDFIs.

So—why don’t more investors jump in to support Native CDFIs?

Langholz said that Native CDFIs can (and often do) face unhelpful assumptions that can create barriers to investments. One significant barrier is the perception that Native CDFI portfolios are riskier because they operate on Native lands, which Langholz unpacked:

“I think there’s confusion of the status of Indian trust lands; the assumption that our loans are inherently riskier because we are oftentimes working in reservation environments, which does make collateral tricky, but not . . . impossible. It’s a thing we deal with regularly, and we know and understand those systems.

“That perceived risk, of course, is not true to our industry. . . . Native CDFIs are really good investments.”

Langholz speaks at the Elouise Cobell Land and Culture Institute at the University of Montana during the launch of our FHLB Des Moines collaboration on Nov. 10.

In this video, she shows us why Native CDFIs are good investments.

Leaders share why they partner with Native CDFIs

Native CDFIs' Beauty and Promise Series

On Nov. 10, 2017, leaders and funders of Native community development financial institutions (CDFIs) joined us in Missoula, MT, to celebrate the launch of a new $5 million collaboration with the Federal Home Loan Bank of Des Moines (FHLB Des Moines). We had a chance to talk with several influential figures in the field.

Native CDFIs’ Beauty and Promise I:

Angie Main of NACDC Financial Services Shows Us how Native CDFIs Are Growing and Innovating

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Native CDFIs’ Beauty and Promise II:

Krystal Langholz of Oweesta Uncovers What Makes Native CDFIs a Winning Investment in Indian Country

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Native CDFIs’ Beauty and Promise III:

Ted Piccolo of NNDF on How Its Native-Rooted Lending Approach Is Key to Its Growing Success in Indian Country

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Native CDFI’s Beauty and Promise IV:

Oweesta Launches $10M Native CDFI Capital Pool to Fund Growth in Indian Country

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Native CDFIs’ Beauty and Promise V:

Mike Wilson of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Des Moines Shares Why Native CDFIs Are Engines for Economic Growth in Indian Country

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