“One of the beautiful things about CDFIs—Native CDFIs in general—is we have to provide education and training in conjunction with our lending activities. So when you pair those two things together, we are seeing great success. We’re changing the economic landscapes of our communities and providing opportunity which normally hasn’t been provided.”
Chrystel Cornelius (Ojibwe; Oneida), Executive Director, First Nations Oweesta Corporation
“Native CDFIs are weavers, connecting families, communities, and entrepreneurs to the resources necessary to bring dreams to life for multiple generations.”
Kevin Walker, President and CEO, Northwest Area Foundation
“Want to get a loan? Start a business? That’s next to impossible without a mainstream financial institution. Native CDFIs fill the gap.”
Tanya Fiddler (Cheyenne River Sioux), Former Executive Director, Native CDFI Network
“Those kinds of case studies and examples will go a long way to break down the barriers and perceptions that it’s difficult to do business on Native lands.”
Mike Wilson, President and CEO, Federal Home Loan Bank of Des Moines
A Win-Win Investment with Lasting Impact
Native CDFIs are proven and promising partners that make a positive difference in Indian Country successfully and sustainably.
Native CDFIs are building equitable economies in Native communities by opening doors to loans, extending credit to thriving businesses, generating good jobs, and expanding access to new opportunities.
They build trust, strong community relationships, and self-determination to help Native communities overcome challenges of accessing credit and building assets created by economic systems that have harmed them or ignored their needs.
Bringing Dreams to Life for Multiple Generations
Native CDFIs understand the unique assets and needs of Native communities and cultures, respecting their perspectives and honoring their histories. This is what makes Native CDFIs capable of establishing a powerful infrastructure for economic and cultural wealth that is built to last.
Enabling Native Communities to Thrive in the Face of Historic Impacts
To invest for prosperity in Native communities, successful financial services need to reflect traditional values, guided by the wisdom to plan for multiple generations.
The services must also account for the impact of history. The systemic racism, violence, and exclusion that began in these lands centuries ago continues today—resulting in traumas, financial instability, and other barriers that make it harder for the communities we partner with to thrive on their own terms.
Native communities are relentlessly resilient. Businesses have fought to create jobs and give back. Workers have generated cash and employment in places without a main street or a bank to support them. More entrepreneurs and families need access to capital that’s tailored to their culture and way of life.
Native CDFIs understand this need and are experts in serving, responding, and delivering results successfully. Their practical know-how builds upon the wealth of wisdom in Native communities and the need to heal. They connect investors to Native businesses with a respect for history, culture, and context that helps communities thrive for the long term.
Five Reasons to Partner with Native CDFIs for Long-Term Impact
We talked to leaders of banks, asset management firms, financial institutions, and other funders and partners about what convinced them to invest in Native CDFIs. It all comes down to successful long-term impact.
Native CDFIs are anchored in local culture and passionate about creating opportunities for long-term growth, understanding the needs of Native communities and growing the opportunities to respond.
They know how to bridge traditional cash economies and Native lifestyles with the financial mainstream. They also lay the groundwork for investment in Native communities by providing capital and financial assistance, education, and training.
The result is a powerful multiplier effect, which helps Native entrepreneurs and Native-led businesses thrive, creating good jobs, an expanded tax base, and new market opportunities.
In many cases, Native CDFIs are the first encounter Native families and individuals have with a financial institution. Native CDFIs help families reach financial stability through education, credit building, and savings.
Because Native CDFIs serve a large unbanked population, staff will frequently refer program participants to a nearby bank or credit union to open their first account and deposit money as part of a savings plan. Many of these new potential customers are the first in their generation to break a cycle of poverty and move toward building a life of self-determined economic prosperity and stability.
Other services and products, like youth savings accounts, financial education, and planning for college and other future events, widen the range of options, possibilities, and opportunities for families to choose for themselves and generations to come.
Looking closely at the financial outcomes of Native CDFIs, it is clear that in addition to their outsized positive impact, they are a smart business choice. They have lower-than-average default rates,1 strong net asset ratios, and low historical write-off and delinquency rates.
On paper, the strength of relationships that Native CDFIs have in the Native communities they serve translates into a business model with an edge.
The approach is holistic. Native CDFIs supplement lasting relationships with lenders with extended services, such as financial coaching and training, in conjunction with lending activities.
Native CDFIs are being asked to respond to higher needs for capital.2 The need continues to grow. The gap was highlighted in a 2012 Access to Capital study of certified Native CDFIs by First Nations Oweesta Corporation, and was shown to have grown in a 2017 survey led by the Center for Indian Country Development at the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.3
The 2017 survey showed that Native CDFIs needed an additional $48 million more than they were able to offer.
A number of economic and community development programs can provide equity, loans, loan security, and other credit enhancements to help reduce any lending risk and provide worthwhile support:
Treasury supports partnerships with community financial institutions.
The U.S. Department of the Treasury’s CDFI Fund fosters partnerships and offers support through its Native Initiatives program.4 In many cases, if you work at a community bank and a Native CDFI is in your bank’s assessment area, your bank establishment could leverage public funds to support technical assistance, trainings, and more.
HUD can guarantee home loan portfolios.
Interested in growing your financial institution’s home loan portfolio? Section 184 in HUD’s Indian Home Loan Guarantee Program provides a 100 percent loan guarantee to ensure your financial institution’s investment held in Indian Country trust lands will be repaid in full in the event of foreclosure.5
How Financial Institutions Can Support Native CDFIs
You'll find many Native CDFIs in our region described in the next section.
Provide technical assistance.
One of the ways that financial institutions often work with Native CDFIs is by providing IT support and technical assistance, an area of expertise many institutions already provide to their bank or credit union network. And there are plenty of other ways to offer in-kind assistance.
Offer capital through loans.
Capital investments in Native CDFIs can be impactful at any size—even small loans impact economic opportunity, and larger investments are easy through First Nations Oweesta Corporation, the only Native CDFI intermediary lender.
Match government dollars to build Native CDFI lending capacity.
The Native American CDFI Assistance Program from the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s CDFI Fund awards loans, grants, deposits, and equity investments for Native CDFIs, but requires a dollar-for-dollar match from a non-federal source. Through matching, community banks can help Native CDFIs meet the federal requirement for financial assistance awards to help grow their lending capacity.6
Meet requirements in the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA).
Banks can meet their CRA requirements by investing or partnering with a Native CDFI, an opportunity that assessment regulators promote and support.7 Options include providing equity capital and bank services. Just ask your regulator, who can help you find the right investment fit for CRA consideration.
“I think there is some real room for investors to be able to develop programs where they’re either lending to Native CDFIs, or making private capital investments into CDFIs. . . . If you take into account the huge positive impact on the community you’re helping to bring about, then these are wonderful investments.”
Jodi Neuman, Investment Manager, Trillium Asset Management
“I think investors would get it much faster . . . if they could go see a reservation community and see the work of Native CDFIs and meet some of the entrepreneurs we’re working with.”
Krystal Langholz, Chief Operations Officer, First Nations Oweesta Corporation
“We feel strongly about working with Native CDFIs. . . . They can tailor their advice and training in a way that is culturally specific. That’s one reason [they’re] so effective.”
Connie Smith, Program Manager, Wells Fargo Diverse Community Capital Program
“I’ve seen it done. When they [financial institutions] take that leap and partner with tribes, marvelous things happen. . . . Building that business relationship and then really constructing a whole community.”
Patrice Kunesh (Standing Rock Lakota), Former Assistant Vice President and Director, Center for Indian Country Development, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
Check Out These Success Stories
Learn how financial institutions are looking to Native CDFIs as secure, knowledgeable partners in responding to community needs.
Native CDFIs’ Beauty and Promise: Five-Part Blog Series
Exploring Native CDFI leaders, their impact, and why Federal Home Loan Bank of Des Moines felt the confidence to invest $5 million into the Native CDFI field.
Native CDFIs We’re Funding
NWAF strongly supports the incredible work of these Native CDFIs. We provide both grants and Program-Related Investments to help them further the work.
We encourage you to visit the websites included with the descriptions below to learn more. If you’re interested in partnering with us in this work and would like help connecting with one of these Native CDFIs, contact us below.
Eagle Butte, SD
Akiptan strives to provide fair financing to Native American agriculture operations throughout Indian Country. Its services include loans and investments for youth to start agriculture operations, technical assistance, and also financing and investments for businesses to increase their operations.
Black Hills Community Loan Fund (BHCLF)
Rapid City, SD
BHCLF creates financial opportunities for economically disadvantaged families who aim to strengthen their financial future in the Black Hills region.
Four Bands Community Fund, Inc. (Four Bands)
Eagle Butte, SD
Four Bands is a leading organization on the Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation as well as in the state of South Dakota in the areas of small business development, business lending, financial literacy, and youth entrepreneurship.
Lakota Funds promotes economic stability on the Pine Ridge Reservation and geographic service area through business loans, technical assistance, and wealth-building education for families and businesses.
Leech Lake Financial Services (LLFS)
Cass Lake, MN
LLFS promotes the economic well-being of individuals and families by providing safe and affordable financial products and financial training for those starting a business or seeking to build a better credit history.
Lummi Community Development Financial Institution (Lummi CDFI)
Lummi CDFI offers a trusted, safe place for tribal members who are considering entrepreneurship, building a business and/or strengthening their credit. It provides access to education, financing, and asset growth to improve the prosperity and well-being of Native American families.
Mazaska Owecaso Otipi Financial (Mazaska)
Pine Ridge, SD
Mazaska provides housing loans and financial and homebuyer education training for members of the Oglala Sioux Tribe living on, or in communities adjacent to, the Pine Ridge Reservation, and enrolled members of other federally recognized tribes in South Dakota.
Mni Sota Fund (formerly Bii Gii Wiin Community Development Loan Fund)
Mni Sota Fund provides access to capital and training to promote homeownership, entrepreneurship, and financial capabilities among Native Americans throughout Minnesota.
NACDC Financial Services, Inc.
NACDC Financial Services, located on the Blackfeet Indian Reservation, offers services tailored to the needs of Native entrepreneurs, including comprehensive financial literacy and entrepreneurship programs, alternative financing for start-up and existing businesses, and assistance in repairing and building credit.
Native American Development Center (NADC)
NADC advances Native American communities in North Dakota through financial education and affordable lending services. Its goal is to revitalize and develop its tribal constituents’ inherent entrepreneurial talent and desire to build credit wealth to obtain lifelong economical dreams.
Native360 Loan Fund (formerly First Ponca Financial)
Grand Island, NE
Native360 Loan Fund provides members of tribes in its Nebraska, Iowa, and southeastern South Dakota service areas with affordable credit, access to capital, technical assistance, and related programs to help build strong and self-sufficient Native business owners.
Rapid City, SD
NDN Fund is an emerging CDFI that is the lending arm of the NDN Collective, providing financing for pre-development, bridge, and large-scale Indigenous regenerative development projects that dramatically scale up investment and shift all decision-making power to Indigenous peoples.
Nimiipuu Community Development Fund (NCDF)
NCDF facilitates financial independence for the Nez Perce Reservation and surrounding areas of Idaho, Oregon, and Washington by providing access to capital, financial, and entrepreneurial capacity building to create economic opportunities, advance entrepreneurial spirit, and preserve cultural values.
Nixyáawii Community Financial Services (NCFS)
NCFS provides loans, homeownership assistance, business development services, and youth and adult financial education to members of the Umatilla Confederated Tribes, reservation residents, and tribal employees.
Northwest Native Development Fund (NNDF)
Coulee Dam, WA
NNDF fosters economic and financial independence for Native-owned businesses and Native entrepreneurs in Washington State, primarily on the Colville and Spokane Reservations, through loans, financial services, and financial education.
Oyate Community Development Corporation (Oyate CDC)
Fort Yates, ND
Oyate CDC provides financial services to Native Americans on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation, including technical assistance for entrepreneurs, entrepreneurship training, and loans.
People’s Partner for Community Development (PPCD)
PPCD provides financial opportunities to stimulate economic development through tools, resources, loans, and training to help individuals, families, and entrepreneurs on the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation create better lives and a stronger community.
The Lakota believe they are all related and it is their duty to create a better world for future generations. As a CDFI on the Rosebud Indian Reservation, Tatanka Funds does this by empowering people through personal finance, business entrepreneurship, and homeownership.
Pacific Beach, WA
Taala Fund serves the communities of the Quinault Indian Reservation in Washington, creating a stronger reservation economy by providing modern financial tools and education to entrepreneurs and families while maintaining and embracing traditional Quinault values and culture.
White Earth Investment Initiative
White Earth Investment Initiative provides homebuyer education, financial counseling, business lending, and other financial services to Native American communities in Minnesota, particularly the White Earth Indian Reservation.
Native CDFI Networks We’re Funding
In addition to providing support directly to Native CDFIs, NWAF also supports a group of Native CDFI networks. These regional networks are helping individual Native CDFIs share data about community needs and themes across geographies; raise visibility about their work and impact; highlight inequities in existing systems; and make the case for the changes in policies, practices, and resources that will advance their shared mission to foster financial health in Indian Country.
Mountain | Plains Regional Native CDFI Coalition
Eagle Butte, SD
The Mountain | Plains Regional Native CDFI Coalition spans North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Wyoming. The Coalition was formed to harness the collective capacity of the Native CDFIs in the region and to respond to the needs of the region by sharing effective strategies and leveraging shared resources and partnerships.
Native CDFI Network
The Native CDFI Network seeks to create opportunities to share stories, identify collective priorities, and strengthen the Native CDFIs serving Native trust land communities, American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Native Hawaiians. In addition, the Native CDFI Network works to ensure that Native peoples are represented in the national policy dialogue and that innovative solutions created by CDFIs are spread throughout Native communities.
Northwest Native Lending Network (NNLN)
NNLN is a partnership network designed to support Native CDFIs and other lending institutions to better serve Native entrepreneurs in the Pacific Northwest.
Oweesta Corporation provides opportunities for Native people to develop financial assets and create wealth by assisting in the establishment of strong, permanent institutions and programs contributing to economic independence and strengthening sovereignty for all Native communities.
South Dakota Native Homeownership Coalition
The South Dakota Native Homeownership Coalition is a collaborative group of key agencies dedicated to increasing homeownership opportunities for Native Americans in South Dakota.